Renaissance and baroque time capsules

Imagine you are cultural anthropologist searching for a hidden time capsule from both the Renaissance and the Age of Baroque. In each capsule it is rumored that there is at least one example of Philosophy locked inside. 


Write 100 word paragraph for each example of philosophy (one from each epoch of Renaissance and Baroque).



Text book chapters attached below.  If using outside sources, please make sure to cite and reference.  APA format.