Alcoholic beverages inhibit vasopressin secretion. Given this fact, predict the effect of alcohol on the rate of urine formation. Predict the actions of alcohol on ECF osmolarity. Explain why a person still feels thirsty after excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
William P. has had pronounced diarrhea for more than a week as a result of having acquired salmonellosis, a bacterial intestinal infection, from improperly handled food. What effect has this prolonged diarrhea had on his fluid balance and acid-base balance? In what ways has William’s body been trying to compensate for these imbalances?