1) In a paragraph or two, discuss the main differences between early modern colonialism and 19th-century imperialism. Draw on any of the materials from this module (SEE ATTACHED chapter, primary sources, and the video). Discuss at least three differences.
2) In Heidi Gengenbach’s Chapter “Tattooed Secrets: Women’s History in Magude District, Southern Mozambique” from Bodies in Contact, what role did tattooing play in challenging Portuguese colonizing efforts? What does she mean by tattooing (tinhlanga) “exposed the incompleteness of European power”?
3) What was the “Scramble for Africa”? What new technology, medicine, or innovations made this possible?