1. one of the most effective forms of resistance that slaves employed

1. One of the most effective forms of resistance that slaves employed against their masters was
A. not having children.
B. working slowly.
C. earning money to buy their freedom.
D. open rebellion.

2. The Dutch and the French succeeded in overtaking Arabia in the production of
A. coffee.
B. pepper.
C. silk.
D. cloves.

3. The Manchu imposed their own culture on the Chinese after the establishment of the Qing dynasty in 1644 by making
A. Manchu culture predominant throughout China.
B. the Chinese shave their hair.
C. all Chinese dress in the Manchu fashion.
D. their language the official language of China.

4. The Americas didn’t provide Europeans with added
A. labor.
B. land.
C. technological skill.
D. natural resources.

5. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Japan was the world’s leading producer of
A. silver.
B. pepper.
C. rhubarb.
D. porcelain.

6. The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648
A. came close to establishing the power of the Roman Church in England.
B. ended civil wars throughout Europe.
C. ended the wars of religion through a policy of tolerance.
D. gave rulers the right to impose their religion upon their subjects.

7. Religious reform in Mongolia under Altan Khan was guided by
A. Muslim scholars.
B. Jesuits.
C. Tibetan Buddhists.
D. Hindu priests.

8. By 1800, the number of African slaves that had been imported to the Americas was about _______ million.
A. 6
B. 4
C. 7.5
D. 2.5

9. One critical factor in the rapid success of the Spanish in conquering the Aztecs and the Inca that has been overlooked is the role of
A. disease.
B. superior Spanish technology.
C. native resentment against the Aztec and the Inca.
D. native belief in the idea that the Spaniards were gods.

10. What practice was key to the success of the Mughals in ruling over India?
A. An emphasis on peaceful relations between states
B. High taxation and public spending
C. Low taxation and a reliance on self-initiative
D. Moderate taxes and public spending

11. Probably the most lasting contribution of Napoleon’s rule was
A. abolishing the aristocracy and subordinating the church to the state.
B. redrawing the map of Europe.
C. his understanding of the role of the military.
D. his legal code.

12. The major contribution of the French philosopher Rene Descartes was in the realm of
A. chemistry.
B. astronomy.
C. physics.
D. epistemology.

13. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the major reason for the high death rate among Native Americans from disease was
A. warfare.
B. overwork.
C. lack of immunities.
D. malnutrition.

14. For most people, the religious revival of the eighteenth century focused on
A. feelings and enthusiasm.
B. a scientific and reasoned approach to faith.
C. returning to organized religions that had successfully dealt with public corruption.
D. individual study of the scriptures.

15. Which of the following best explains the lack of cholera outbreaks in Japan?
A. Their tradition of tea drinking
B. Their culture of strict personal hygiene
C. Early introduction of sewage treatment plants
D. Their use of human waste as fertilizer

16. Although Chinese emperors were theoretically unlimited in their authority, during the reign of the emperor Zhengde his administration
A. deposed him.
B. insisted that he go on a military campaign.
C. went on strike.
D. joined a violent rebellion against him.

17. One of the main reasons that the British developed a massive trade in opium with China was
A. to correct a long-term trade deficit.
B. to create millions of addicts and weaken the country.
C. to force the Chinese to open diplomatic and trade negotiations.
D. because opium couldn’t be sold in Europe.

18. The vast majority of slaves shipped from Western Africa went to
A. India.
B. British North America.
C. Spanish America.
D. China.

19. The most important factor in the British conquest of India during the eighteenth century was the
A. willingness of the British government to pay for an invasion.
B. addiction of millions of Indians to opium.
C. political disunity in India.
D. superiority of British machine guns.

20. Which social class suffered most during the early Tokugawa period?
A. Samurai
B. Daimyo
C. Peasants
D. Merchants